Description and characteristics of the Chio Chio San tomato variety
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Lovers of conservation, as well as digging in the ground, experimenting with varieties of tomatoes, further information may be of interest. After all, we will talk about one of the hybrid varieties of Cio-Cio-San. Which has not a single positive trait. Tomato is known for its unique antioxidant properties, below we will talk about other advantages and give a characteristic and description of the variety.
Characteristics and description of the Cio-Cio-San tomato variety
The Cio-Cio-San tomato was produced back in 1998, and a year later it became popular in the countries of the post-Soviet space.
The variety of this type of tomato - indeterminate culture, to put it simply, is constantly growing. The bushes are tall, the length of which can be 2 and 2.5 m, so when growing them it is worth using supports.
In addition, supports are necessary due to the fact that the variety very fertile (about 50 tomatoes from one bush). The ripening period is 100-120 days.
Description of the fruit:
- weight up to 40 g;
- bright pink color.
This variety is very fertile both in the soil and in greenhouses, but it is worth noting that a large yield can be achieved in the second case. With the right approach, one bush brings 6 kilograms of sweet tomatoes.
Advantages and disadvantages
This variety has more positive qualities, such as:
- high yield
- tolerance to many diseases
There is also a minus, since this species grows very much, it is followed by regular care, control growth, tie bushes.
Tomatoes are useful for those suffering from diabetes.
Growing and care
You can plant Chio-Chio-San at the end of the frost, it will be in May or June depends on the region.
But before planting it, seedlings are being prepared. And it all starts with the fact that it is necessary to soak the seeds in salt water, disinfect with a solution of potassium permanganate, and then rinse with clean water. Note also that all these processes begin well before planting, around March month.
Seeds should be placed in prepared, moist soil, some use special soil. You need to place the seeds at a depth of 2 cm, and within a week sprouts will begin to appear. When 2 or 4 leaves appear, they should be planted so that the roots do not grow together, but rather increase.
When the last frosts are gone, you should prepare for planting seedlings, before that it is advisable to accustom her to fresh air, as well as to the sun's rays.
It is better to plant plants at such a distance from each other so that with further growth and the formation of bushes, not in one stem, but in two, or even three, they do not interfere with each other.
Optimal, albeit not an economical distance 60 cm... It is also worth thinking in advance about the supports, to which in the future you will have to tie up the branches of the bushes.
The Cio-Cio-San tomato is cheerful, and survives in various conditions, in particular, it tolerates heat. However, it should be remembered that as soon as the ground begins to dry out, the plants watered with warm water.
Depending on the fertility, it is worth thinking about feeding, which is carried out as soon as the fruits begin to form. How often to do this, everyone determines for himself, namely, according to the level of soil nutrition. Top dressing is carried out after watering, after about ten days.
Do not forget to weed and remove weeds. Also, the plant will benefit from various fertilizers: compost, chicken droppings, mullein.
That the greenhouse or vegetable garden has not turned into impassable thickets, it should also pinch tomatoes. Moreover, the lack of such care can lead to fungal diseases. All stepchildren who are below the most developed are removed without fail.
However, it is also not worth it, and overdo it, so that instead of the growth of fruits, greens do not grow.
Diseases and pests
Although it was mentioned earlier that he is not subject to diseases from which other species suffer. For example, he is not so afraid of the dangerous disease late blight. But he also has weak points, these are pests such as:
- whiteflies (feed on plant juices, cause great harm to it)
- spider mite (appears in very dry air, sucks out cell sap)
- nematodes (the most dangerous pest that can harm not only a plant, but also human and animal health).
To avoid problems associated with the above pests, you should carry out prevention:
- normal humidity level
- soil disinfection
Tomatoes are less susceptible to attacks by these pests in the garden than in the greenhouse.
Harvesting and storage
Whether the harvest will be maximum depends on how carefully it treats the plants. Only with careful care, a garter and all of the above conditions can you achieve what you want. Indeed, due to its fertility and resistance to any weather conditions, this species is often used for commercial purposes.
Harvesting must be done on time. The fruits can ripen after harvesting, but if the tomato is not removed in time, it will simply burst.
Further use of the fruits of this variety at the discretion and taste. This variety is perfect both for salads and for preservation, pickles. It will not spoil, on the contrary, it will add great taste to sauces and juices. Any dish with the addition of tomato juice, even in a cold winter, will be able to remind you of summer.
Due to their small size, they can be compactly placed in a jar, the appearance will also be pleasing to the eye. Moreover, when pickled, they will retain their original appearance and will not crack.
Such tomatoes will be able to decorate any table and no holiday will be complete without them. But do not use them when fermenting.
Regardless of the purpose for which to grow Tomato Chio-Chio-San, commercial or just for yourself. It is unlikely that this variety will cause negative reviews, except for a beautiful vegetable garden, which will be decorated with bright, elegant bushes, on which tomatoes hang like garlands. Moreover, adhering to the basic rules of growing seedlings, caring for this species, you can achieve the maximum yield.
To understand whether you like this variety, you need to try it at least once, and only then decide whether to choose it as your favorite or refuse once and for all.
Excellent variety of tomatoes "Chio-chio-san" from the company "Gavrish"
Not every one of us who grows vegetables on our personal plot can say for sure which variety he will plant in the new season, because many know only 2-3 species, and that is often because they are planted by everyone. This approach greatly limits the possibility of obtaining a high yield with minimal labor costs. For example, the “Chio-Chio-san” tomato variety collects positive reviews, it is loved and appreciated, but few people know about it. Let's talk about him.
The cultivation of the variety is carried out in seedlings. Seed transplantation into open soil is carried out after the onset of spring heat, when it warms up to 15 degrees. As for the seeds, they are sown in March. Initially, you need to revise the seeds well for defects and soak them in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. This will speed up their germination and ensure disinfection.
In cold climates, it is important to harden the seeds. At home, a refrigerator is used for this purpose.
The soil and container for seedlings are prepared in advance. The seeds are planted in a pre-moistened soil to a depth of 2 cm. The container is covered with foil until shoots appear. Then the seedlings are exposed to a lighted window and provide standard care: maintaining an optimal temperature (at least 12 at night, above 15 degrees in the daytime), gentle loosening, watering when a dry crust appears on the ground. After the appearance of two true leaves on the seedlings, they begin to pick them.
Seedlings are planted in the ground with parameters 45 by 65 cm. The farther the plants are from each other, the more branches can be left during formation. Chio-chio san tomatoes are suitable for various growing methods, but yields are higher in greenhouse conditions.
Larger branches are best tied up separately as they break under the canopy.
Growing and care
When growing any crop, the main emphasis is on the taste of the fruit and getting a bountiful harvest. Chio-chio-san will show a good result only if all the conditions of planting and care are met, each point requires strict adherence.
The hybrid is grown only in seedlings, sowing of seeds is carried out from the first half of March. The seeds are buried 2 cm in slightly moistened soil for germination. When 2 true leaves appear, the seedlings dive; when transplanting the shoots, they should be placed in the ground to the leaves, for abundant root formation.
The soil in a container with seedlings should not dry out, and excess moisture will lead to decay of the roots, and a tendency to disease will appear. Watering is moderate. After 2 weeks, the tomatoes can be fed a little with complex fertilizer.
Chio-chio-san, like all tomatoes, loves loose, fertile and non-acidic soil. Landing in open ground is carried out when the spring frosts have passed. In the greenhouse, seedlings can be planted from late April to mid-June. The distance between seedlings is from 40 to 60 cm, row spacing is 60 or 70 cm.
Care and shaping
Watering the bushes, in normal weather, you can once every 7 days, more often in the heat. To slightly reduce the frequency of watering during dry periods, the beds are mulched. From the moment the first ovaries appear, the plant needs additional feeding (organic matter, complex fertilizers, etc.), it is very important not to oversaturate the bushes, otherwise they will begin to increase the green mass to the detriment of the fruits. Loosening the soil and weeding are mandatory procedures.
Most often, the Chio-chio-san tomato bush is formed in 2 trunks, less often in 1 or 3, the rest of the stepsons are cut off. You can leave 3 branches only if the tomatoes are planted at a distance of 60 cm. The leaves on the lower part of the bush are removed (gradually) completely, and thinned out from above, the bush must be ventilated and illuminated. In open field conditions, care should be taken that direct sunlight does not fall on the brush, tomatoes will get burns.
Trellises or pegs (stable and strong) are prepared in advance so that, as the bush grows, branches and brushes are tied to them in a timely manner, and with the latter it is more difficult, there are many ovaries, which means that the weight of the hand is large. What height the bush will be, everyone decides for himself, when he takes the right size, the top should be cut off.
How to grow tomatoes
After two months, the seedlings are ready for planting in the ground.... The transplant is carried out when the threat of spring frosts has passed.
Landing scheme: 45 cm - distance between seedlings, 70 cm - distance between rows. For 1 sq. m place no more than four plants.
The beds are chosen in a sunny place, protected from drafts.... When planted in a checkerboard pattern, the seedlings do not shade each other and each bush receives a sufficient amount of sunlight.
Wells with a depth of 20 cm are prepared in advance, put a little sawdust or ash on their bottom and fill it with water. After transplanting, they are watered again with warm, settled water and left to adapt for 8-10 days.
Regular watering is established as the topsoil dries out., but not more than twice a week. Watered with settled water strictly at the root, without getting on the leaves. The optimal time for watering is in the morning or evening hours, when the sun does not warm at full strength.
After watering, the ground must be loosened and remove weeds. Loosening ensures air permeability of the soil and gets rid of ground pests.
For a longer retention of moisture in the beds, they are mulched with straw... Peat can also be used as mulch, which additionally enriches the root system with useful substances.
Top dressing is applied every two weeks... Fertilize with a full range of minerals alternately with organic matter. During flowering, it is fertilized mainly with phosphorus substances, and during fruiting, potassium preparations are added for faster pouring of vegetables.
Features and possible difficulties
When planting an indeterminate type of plants, you must remember about their high growth.requiring a mandatory garter. The cultivation of the Chio-Chio-san tomato variety is no exception. Immediately during transplantation, a wooden or metal support is installed, to which the stem and fruitful branches are fixed as they grow.
Another option for fixing indeterminate plants - a garter on a horizontal trellis. From different sides of the beds, metal supports are installed, between which a wire is pulled. The plant is fixed to the wire with soft fabric tapes.
Do not forget about the regular removal of stepchildren.... The bush is formed into one, two or three stems. For more frequent plantings, it is better to plant in one stem to avoid thickening of the plants. When administered in two and three stems, the quantitative indicator of fruiting is close to the maximum.
Diseases and pests
According to the characteristics of the tomato and the reviews of those who planted it, it is safe to say that the culture is resistant to late blight (as much as possible) and tobacco mosaic... But this does not mean the complete exclusion of preventive measures.
Observing the rules of crop rotation and agrotechnical practices, you can enhance the immunity of plants and achieve higher rates of fruiting. These techniques include:
- systematic loosening
- weed removal
- moderate watering
- control of moisture in the beds
- ventilation of closed structures.
Do not forget about insects that can harm plantings.... These include aphids, Colorado potato beetle, whitefly, and slugs. Planting pungent-smelling grasses next to tomatoes protects the crop from many parasites. Installed pheromone traps and careful inspection of plantings also save from the invasion of pests. With a large accumulation of parasitic insects, insecticidal preparations are used.
Reference. Pests can spoil up to 70% of the total number of seedlings.
The first stage is seedlings. Chio Chio San seeds are planted at the latest - in March. Doing this later is not recommended, given that tomatoes have an average ripening period. First, you need to sort out the planting material, immediately getting rid of empty and damaged seeds.
Next, the seeds are soaked in a light solution of potassium permanganate and must be hardened (in the refrigerator or cellar). In the meantime, you need to prepare a special soil mixture for seedlings and containers (wooden or plastic boxes, bowls, pots, etc.). Chio Chio San tomato seeds are buried only in moist soil (maximum 2 cm). After the container is sealed with transparent polyethylene, regularly ventilated, watered and monitored for temperature. As soon as sprouts with 2-3 strong leaves are formed, you can start diving.
It is possible to transfer seedlings to open ground only after spring frosts (approximately this is the second half of May and June, but each region has its own dates). For the greenhouse, the conditions are not so strict, because the Chio Chio San tomatoes will still be warm. The optimal planting scheme is 45 65 cm. If you plant the bushes closer, then they will have to be formed into one stem, then - into two or three.
It is necessary to plant seedlings after the last frost
Subsequent care includes regular pinching, garter to a support, watering (as the soil dries up and only with warm water), fertilization (organic or ready-made mineral complexes, after irrigation and no more than once every ten days). In drought, you can additionally mulch the soil to keep it moist longer.
Tomato Chio Chio San: photo, reviews, description
Before choosing a variety of tomatoes for planting, the summer resident carefully studies the characteristics, description and features of care. The Chio Chio San tomato is a crop preferred by many gardeners. Unpretentious care and ease of growing leaves no one indifferent. However, the positive features do not end there - the vegetable culture has an excellent taste, suitable for canning, fresh consumption.
Description of Chio Chio San tomatoes
It is important for a vegetable grower to know all the parameters and characteristics of the selected variety of tomatoes for planting. To obtain a bountiful harvest, it is necessary to create good conditions for the growth of the culture.
A tasty and unpretentious tomato variety was brought out by the "Gavrish" company. The tomato was included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements in 1999. The culture belongs to varieties of medium ripeness, ripe fruits can be harvested 100-120 days after seed germination.
Chio Chio San tomatoes are indeterminate varieties. Such bushes do not stop growing until the end of fruiting. A vegetable crop can reach a height of more than 2 meters.
Description of fruits
It is important for everyone to know the description of the fruits of the Chio Chio San tomatoes, because this variety is one of the favorites among many experienced gardeners.
The fruit is oblong in shape and has a pleasant taste. The variety resembles a little tomatoes Cream, but only in shape, the taste of Chio Chio San is much better. The color is pink, the weight of one fruit is about 40 g. The pulp is quite dense, sweet to taste.
Characteristics of Chio Chio San tomatoes
The Chio Chio San tomato variety is formed by a neat ornamental bush. It has green tops with medium-sized fan leaves. It reaches a height of more than 2 m. The culture gives abundant fruits that have a high keeping quality.
Productivity and fruiting
This variety belongs to high-yielding mid-season tomatoes. According to gardeners, Chio Chio San tomatoes are successfully grown not only in an open garden, but also in a greenhouse, which can be clearly seen in the photo.
On one hand, 60-75 fruits ripen at the same time. More than 50 good quality fruits can be harvested from one bush. As a result, more than 6 kg of good tomatoes can be obtained from a plant. The variety is grown by the seedling method, ripe fruits can be harvested as early as 115 days after the appearance of the first shoots.
Scope of the fruit
Tomatoes of this variety are used for making juices. The fleshy structure allows you to get a lot of liquid from the fruit. Of course, the juice from this variety will be a little pale in color, but excellent taste is a feature that will allow you to close your eyes to this drawback. It is also worth noting that the variety is good for preparing winter canned salads and just for fresh consumption.
Disease and pest resistance
The main advantage of this variety is its high resistance to abrupt changes in weather conditions and insect pests. Tomatoes practically do not infect fungi and other diseases. Even in hot conditions, the culture forms ovaries well and bears fruit until the first frost.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
The Chio Chio San tomato variety has a number of positive qualities, thanks to which it is very popular among gardeners:
- not troublesome to grow and care
- yields plentiful and high-quality fruits
- resistant to diseases and pests
- has a high keeping quality
- has compact bushes.
The plant has practically no disadvantages. However, they can appear with improper care:
- in case of untimely harvesting, the fruits crack and wither quickly
- in the process of growth requires proper tying of the bush, in order to avoid breakage of the main stem.
The Chio Chio San tomato variety is grown by a seedling method. Sprouts are planted starting in May and ending in June. The specific period depends on the place where the crop is planned to be grown. Sowing material for harvesting seedlings begins to be sown in early March.
Before you start planting a tomato of the Chio Chio San variety for seedlings, you should make preparatory measures, which include:
- Rejection of seeds. Summer residents carefully inspect the seed material, remove small and spoiled grains, trying to leave intact and intact.
- They carry out processing and disinfection. This procedure disinfects seeds, accelerating their further growth. Standard processing is salt and potassium permanganate. First, the seeds are treated in salt for half an hour, removing the floating grains, then placed in a solution of potassium permanganate. After all procedures, the grains are washed with clean water.
- Aged at low temperatures. Hardening is a necessary procedure for the further growth of a vegetable in cool areas. At home, hardening is carried out on the balcony or the grains are placed in the refrigerator.
High-quality and fertilized soil is very important for tomatoes. You can make it yourself or buy a special soil mixture at a garden store.
Preparing a container for planting seedlings
A plastic or wooden box with drainage holes is suitable for planting tomato seedlings. After planting the seeds, the container is covered with a transparent film, kept under a cover in a warm place until shoots appear.
After pecking the seeds, the seedling box is placed in a well-clarified place - on the windowsill.
Grooming activities are standard. They are produced according to the rules of agricultural technology:
- regular soil moistening
- soil loosening
- maintaining the correct temperature for growing
- good lighting, medium level of moisture in the air.
As soon as the first pair of leaves appears on young shoots, you can start picking seedlings.
For transplanting seedlings, it is better to choose small boxes or cups. A 5 by 5 cm size will suffice. Each sprout is transplanted to a new place in moist soil, deepening to the leaves. Thus, new roots will appear soon.
Tomatoes of the Chio Chio San variety grow well both in greenhouse conditions and in an open garden. It is worth taking into account that it is impossible to transplant the variety before the end of spring frosts into the soil to a permanent place.
According to the scheme, such tomatoes are planted 40 by 70 cm. Bushes of this variety are formed depending on the planting interval. In the case when the bushes are planted too close, one main stem is left. But with a large distance, you can form 2-3 stems.
It is worth noting that under greenhouse conditions tomatoes produce more fruits than when grown in an open garden, but then the taste of the variety suffers.
Tomato follow-up care
As mentioned, this variety of tomatoes is unpretentious in care, but the plant still requires standard measures.
Tomato care rules:
- Regular hydration. You can determine when a variety needs watering by looking at the topsoil. If the soil is dry, it is necessary to start moistening.
- Top dressing. Mineral and organic fertilizers are an integral part for the proper growth of any crop. Top dressing is done after watering at intervals of 7-10 days.
- Timely removal of new stepchildren.
- Cleaning the site from weeds and loosening the soil. Thus, it is possible to deliver more oxygen to the root system, to rid the culture of insect pests.
- In the process of growth, tie the bush to the trellis, make sure that the main stem does not break.
Pest and disease control
The resistance of the tomato variety to late blight is a huge plus for the gardener, because often this particular disease brings a lot of trouble. However, do not relax, the tomato can sometimes be affected by pests.
According to gardeners, Tomato Chio Chio San can amaze:
- whitefly - often likes to breed in greenhouses and greenhouses
- spider mite - this pest loves stem juice. Appears in dry air, therefore, if tomatoes are grown in a greenhouse, it is important to create the correct level of humidity as much as possible
- nematodes - pests destroy the root, which leads to the wilting of the plant. If not detected in time, weak plants die.
In order to avoid insect damage, it is important to regularly carry out preventive measures:
- Disinfect the soil before planting tomatoes in a permanent place.
- Maintain the correct temperature and humidity levels in the greenhouse.
By following 2 important rules, you can avoid damage by harmful insects. But if it happens that a tick or other parasite has infected the tomatoes, you should use special products that are sold in any garden store.
Tomato Chio Chio San is a mid-season and unpretentious variety in care. Due to the high yield of tasty fruits, it is very popular among many summer residents. The main rule is to grow strong seedlings, and then you don't have to worry that the plants will be hit by insects and fungus. High-quality seedlings are the key to a good and abundant harvest.